Games involve mental and physical energies. Games are found in history as old as 2600 BC. Since then they are a part of human culture and civilisations. The purpose of games is educational as well as entertainment. Some games are played for more sophisticated purposes like business orientation and learning. With the evolution of human civilisation, the elements of games have also evolved a great deal.
Games require a specific set of tools, rules, some players, etc. these are called the elements of play. Each game has a different set of elements. These are explained below.
Every game is played on a specific goal. The winner is announced by that goal. Whoever reaches or acquires the specified goal of a game is called the winner.
- Tools or Equipment for Games
Games require different tools or equipment to play. Some games require lesser tools while others require more tools and equipment. Examples include football which requires only a ball to play. Tennis and cricket also require ball and bat or racket only. But board games like chess, monopoly, scrabble dominos, etc. are played with some pieces.
There are also such games which do not require any tool or equipment to play them. Players only interact in such a way so as to follow the rules of the game. Examples include hide and seek or tag.
Each game revolves around a set of rules. Rules are defined since long and do not change in a typical setting. However, players or teams may agree upon some fixed rules of a game before starting it. If the changes are made in number, they give way to a new game. For example, when enough changes were made to the rules of cricket, the five-day test matches became one-day cricket match. Further variations in rules gave way to twenty 20 matches. In this way when rules are changed a lot, a new game emerges similar to the old one in form but different in rules.
Abiding by the rules of games is necessary for fair play. If a player is not abiding by the rules of a game, he or she is subject to a charge, penalty or cheat. This may make a game unfair and unpleasant ending it all up in an argument or displeasure.
- Skill and Game Plan
Each player uses his mind to play a game. Many games are based on the mind power. The thought process of each human being is different. Games like chess, scrabble, etc. involves brain power, and players challenge each other mentally. The game plan or strategy for each player depends on upon the way his thought process works. Players need to show their strategic skills.
Skill in the game is acquired through using the tools and rules of the game. Some games require physical skill like wrestling, tug of war, etc. there are other games which involve both physical as well as mental skill and strategy like baseball, football, etc.